Rights of Asylum Seekers and Refugees

Asylum SeekersRefugees
EmploymentAfter residing in the Netherlands for 6 months, asylum seekers can work if granted a work permit (TWV) issued by the Employee Insurance Agency (UWV). Yet, they are not allowed to work more than 24 weeks a year in the Netherlands. When an asylum seeker has a job, they are required to provide financial means to the COA for residency and other basic needs. They may keep 25% of the income, up to a maximum of €185 per month. Asylum workers can also choose to work at the AZCs for a maximum of 25 hours per week. For this, they receive a small compensation with a maximum of €14 per week.A refugee with a temporary permit can work in the Netherlands as both a regular employee or independent entrepreneur. As with asylum seekers, refugees who reside in the AZC can work but have to provide a financial contribution to the COA. The participation act, which combines the Work and Social Assistance Act, the Social Work Provision Act and a large part of the Wajong into one scheme and ensures more people gain access to employment. 
Health CareAsylum seekers awaiting a residence permit are collectively insured through the Medical Care Asylum Seekers Regulation (RMA) (source). Most AZCs have internal health centers operating in cooperation with the GGD and GGZ. The COA is responsible for financing these centers and care. In addition, they have initiated a partnership with “Arts en Zorg”, a healthcare institution offering additional support. Yet the RMA only insures basic healthcare such as doctor visits, antibiotics, and maternity care. The asylum seekers are only able to apply for healthcare themselves after their residence permit has been granted, however, exceptions occur if the asylum seeker has access to health insurance from another country, with valid coverage of the Netherlands. When an asylum seeker has been granted a resident permit, they must apply for healthcare within 4 months. 

Last updated byCaitlin